UK Parliament delivers Boris Johnson third defeat in 2 days

Remain supporters wave flags and hold signs during a demonstration outside the gates of Parliament in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. With Britain's prime minister weakened by a major defeat in Parliament, defiant lawmakers were moving Wednesday to bar Boris Johnson from pursuing a "no-deal" departure from the European Union. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
Remain in the EU supporters demonstrate with European flags opposite the Houses of Parliament in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. With Britain's prime minister weakened by a major defeat in Parliament, defiant lawmakers were moving Wednesday to bar Boris Johnson from pursuing a "no-deal" departure from the European Union. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
European flags are held by remain in the EU supporters as they demonstrate opposite the Houses of Parliament in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. With Britain's prime minister weakened by a major defeat in Parliament, defiant lawmakers were moving Wednesday to bar Boris Johnson from pursuing a "no-deal" departure from the European Union. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this image taken from video, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons, London, Wednesday Sept. 4, 2019. (House of Commons via PA via AP)
In this handout photo provided by the House of Commons, Labour MP Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi, standing, speaks during Boris Johnson's first Prime Minister's Questions, in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. A lawmaker for Britain's opposition Labour Party has gotten an unusual round of applause after challenging Prime Minister Boris Johnson to apologize for comparing Muslim women who wear face-covering veils to "letter boxes." Dhesi asked Johnson to say he was sorry for the "derogatory and divisive" remarks in a newspaper column. (Jessica Taylor/House of Commons via AP)
In this handout photo provided by the House of Commons, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson, center right, gestures during his first Prime Minister's Questions, in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. Britain's Parliament is facing a second straight day of political turmoil as lawmakers fought Prime Minister Boris Johnson's plan to deliver Brexit in less than two months, come what may. Johnson is threatening to dissolve the House of Commons and hold a national election that he hopes might produce a less fractious crop of legislators. (Jessica Taylor/House of Commons via AP)
In this handout photo provided by the House of Commons, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson gestures during his first Prime Minister's Questions, in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. Britain's Parliament is facing a second straight day of political turmoil as lawmakers fought Prime Minister Boris Johnson's plan to deliver Brexit in less than two months, come what may. Johnson is threatening to dissolve the House of Commons and hold a national election that he hopes might produce a less fractious crop of legislators. (Jessica Taylor/House of Commons via AP)
Pro-Brexit supporters outside the Houses of Parliament, in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. The European Union is warning businesses and people likely to be hit by Brexit to make sure they are prepared for the possibility that Britain might leave the bloc without an agreement at the end of next month. The EU's executive arm, the European Commission, on Wednesday released a checklist for companies to use to help minimize expected disruptions to trade after Britain departs on Oct 31. (AP Photo/Alberto Pezzali)
A leave supporter, left holding sign, tussles with a remain supporter, right holding EU flag, during a demonstration on Parliament Square in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. With Britain's prime minister weakened by a major defeat in Parliament, defiant lawmakers were moving Wednesday to bar Boris Johnson from pursuing a "no-deal" departure from the European Union. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
Young Conservative party members hold signs as they demonstrate outside Conservative Party Campaign Headquarters in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. With Britain's prime minister weakened by a major defeat in Parliament, defiant lawmakers were moving Wednesday to bar Boris Johnson from pursuing a "no-deal" departure from the European Union. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this handout photo provided by the House of Commons, former Prime Minister Theresa May, second left, looks on during Boris Johnson's first Prime Minister's Questions, in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. Britain's Parliament is facing a second straight day of political turmoil as lawmakers fought Prime Minister Boris Johnson's plan to deliver Brexit in less than two months, come what may. Johnson is threatening to dissolve the House of Commons and hold a national election that he hopes might produce a less fractious crop of legislators. (Jessica Taylor/House of Commons via AP)
Remain supporters wave flags and hold signs with a photo of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, right, and Special Advisor to British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Dominic Cummings, left, during a demonstration outside the gates of Parliament in London, Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2019. With Britain's prime minister weakened by a major defeat in Parliament, defiant lawmakers were moving Wednesday to bar Boris Johnson from pursuing a "no-deal" departure from the European Union. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons, London, Wednesday Sept. 4, 2019. (House of Commons via PA via AP)

LONDON — Prime Minister Boris Johnson called Wednesday for a national election on Oct. 15, saying it was the only way out of Britain's Brexit impasse after opposition lawmakers moved to block his plan to leave the European Union next month without a divorce deal.

But Parliament delivered Johnson his third defeat in two days, refusing to vote in sufficient numbers for a motion triggering a vote. Johnson indicated he would try again, saying an election was the only way forward, and accusing Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn of being afraid of the public's judgment.

"The obvious conclusion, I'm afraid, is that he does not think he will win," Johnson said.

After lawmakers in the House of Commons approved a bill designed to halt a no-deal Brexit, he said: "There is only one way forward for the country."

Johnson insists Britain must leave the EU on Oct. 31, with or without a deal, and he accused the opposition of trying to "overturn the biggest democratic vote in our history," referring to the outcome of the 2016 referendum to leave the EU.

But Johnson did not get the general election he craves — at least not yet. Opposition parties, deeply mistrustful of Johnson, said they would not back one until the anti-no deal bill becomes law. Johnson needs the support of two-thirds of the 650 lawmakers in the House of Commons to trigger an election.

"Let the bill pass and have Royal Assent and then we can have a general election," said Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn.

Johnson signaled that he would try again to trigger a snap election, urging opposition lawmakers to reflect overnight and in the course of the next few days."

In a second straight day of parliamentary turmoil, the House of Commons voted by 327-299 in favor of the bill, sending it to Parliament's upper chamber, the House of Lords. Even so, the bill's fate is unsure. With Johnson set to suspend Parliament for several weeks starting next week, pro-Brexit peers in the Lords are threatening to try to stop it by filibustering until time runs out.

The maneuvers are part of a head-on showdown between Johnson's Brexit-at-all-costs administration and a Parliament worried about the economic and social damage that could be wrought by a messy divorce.

Opposition lawmakers, supported by rebels in Johnson's Conservative Party, warn that crashing out of the bloc without a divorce agreement would cause irreparable economic harm.

"There is very little time left," said Labour Party lawmaker Hilary Benn as he introduced the opposition bill. "The purpose of the bill is very simple: to ensure that the United Kingdom does not leave the European Union on the 31st of October without an agreement."

The bill would require the government to ask the EU to delay Brexit until Jan. 31, 2020, if it can't secure a deal with the bloc by late October.

The lawmakers hope to pass the bill into law — a process that can take months — by the end of the week, because Johnson plans to suspend Parliament at some point next week until Oct. 14.

Johnson became prime minister in July by promising to lead Britain out of the EU, breaking the impasse that has paralyzed the country's politics since voters decided in June 2016 to leave the bloc. But he is caught between the EU, which refuses to renegotiate the deal it stuck with his predecessor, Theresa May, and a majority of British lawmakers opposed to leaving without an agreement. Most economists say a no-deal Brexit would cause severe economic disruption and plunge the U.K. into recession.

Johnson insisted Wednesday that talks with the EU on a revised deal were "making substantial progress."

But the bloc says the U.K. has not submitted any substantial new proposals. European Commission spokeswoman Mina Andreeva said "there is nothing new" from London.

Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn accused Johnson of bad faith — pretending to negotiate but really frittering away time until a no-deal Brexit became inevitable.

"These negotiations are a sham. All he is doing is running down the clock," Corbyn told lawmakers in the House of Commons.

Johnson condemned the opposition legislation as a "surrender bill" that would tie his hands and "wreck any chance" of Britain concluding successful negotiations with the EU.

Johnson, who was a leader of the 2016 campaign to leave the EU, has long said that his enthusiasm and energy for Brexit will allow him to succeed in leaving the EU where May had failed, leading to her resignation.

But events have spiraled out of his control. He leads a government with no majority in Parliament and may not be able to secure an election that could change that fact.

He was humiliated Tuesday — the first day of Parliament's autumn term — by losing his first Commons vote as prime minister when lawmakers passed a motion 328-301 that enabled their push for a law stopping a no-deal Brexit. His government lost its working majority as one Conservative lawmaker defected to the opposition, and more than 20 Tory legislators sided with the opposition on the vote.

"Not a good start, Boris!" one unidentified lawmaker shouted after the vote.

Johnson responded with swift vengeance, expelling the rebels from the Conservatives in Parliament, leaving them as independent lawmakers. Among those bounced out were former International Development Secretary Rory Stewart; Kenneth Clarke, a former treasury chief and the longest-serving member of the House of Commons; and Nicholas Soames, the grandson of Johnson hero Winston Churchill.

Soames came close to tears as he told the House of Commons that he had been proud to serve as a Conservative lawmaker for 37 years.

"I am truly very sad that it should end in this way," he said.

The beleaguered U.K. leader got a boost Wednesday when a Scottish court refused to intervene in his decision to suspend Parliament, ruling it was a matter for lawmakers to decide, not the courts.

The case was only the first of several challenges to Johnson's maneuver, however.

Transparency campaigner Gina Miller, who won a ruling in the Supreme Court in 2017 that stopped the government from triggering the countdown to Brexit without a vote in Parliament, has another legal challenge in the works — set to be heard Thursday. A human rights campaigner has sued in Northern Ireland, arguing that the historic Good Friday peace accord is in jeopardy because of Johnson's actions.

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Associated Press writers Gregory Katz in London and Lorne Cook in Brussels contributed.

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Follow AP's full coverage of Brexit and British politics at: https://www.apnews.com/Brexit

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